Episode 14 | Understand the gravity of situation in Afghanistan with Abubakar Farooqui (Taliban Takeover of Afghanistan) – Rationale-47
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu had expressed Israel’s new approach on the event of the declaration that full diplomatic relations with the United Arab Emirates. He expressed that a “new era” in Israel’s relations with the Arab world had ushered.
Since the 1978 Camp David Accords, Israel has “normalized” relations with Egypt, Jordan (1994), Mauritania (1999), and most as of late, the UAE and Bahrain. A month ago Israel and Sudan also consented to an arrangement to normalize ties.
The Palestinian approach has been focusing on making sure its independence from Israeli occupation while depending on a longstanding pan-Arab position that called for Israeli withdrawal from the occupied West Bank and Gaza and Israel’s acknowledgment of Palestinian statehood, as a trade-off for normalizing relations with Arab nations.
Egypt was the primary Arab nation to recognize Israel over 40 years ago, however the country’s relationship with Israel shows the difficulties of interpreting government ties, regularly determined by common security interests, in grass roots altruism. It likewise speaks to a useful example for Israelis looking for acknowledgment from the Middle East and North Africa through normalizing relations with Muslim states.
The United Arab Emirates and Bahrain began strategic relations with Israel in September this year, combining against Iran in a U.S.- facilitated bargain that denoted a more extensive conciliatory realignment in the Middle East.
States do standardize relations however never has the cycle of standardization been so quick, and sought after with such shared excitement, as among Israel and the UAE. Also, it goes past that. The UAE seems to have dropped, in pragmatic terms, any issues with Israel’s control of Arab lands.
The Emirates a month ago facilitated a gathering of Israeli settlers’ leader from the West Bank, an area occupied by Israel since the 1967 war with Jordan, Syria and Egypt. In October, it additionally permitted the import of wine delivered by Israeli firms in the Golan Heights, likewise occupied by Israel since 1967.
The UAE will likewise fund with the US and Israel a venture to “modernize” Israeli checkpoints in the West Bank used to control and screen Palestinians. Netanyahu said there was “no change” to his arrangements to annex pieces of the West Bank. However, he said the plans were on “transitory hold” and that executing annexation would be finished with U.S. coordination.
Next year, Israel will participate in the UAE’s postponed Expo 2020. The UAE has announced plan to construct the Abrahamic Family House in Abu Dhabi, which will house a mosque, a church and a synagogue.
Bahrain alongside United Arab Emirates marked US-supported normalization agreement with Israel at the White House on September 15. The deal was denounced as “treachery” by the Palestinians and their allies. The Bahraini emissaries went on to Jerusalem, which Israel, with US backing, claims to be its capital. Palestinians, who need East Jerusalem for a state, have been dejected by the Arab nations’ commitment with Israel while their own objectives are neglected by the very Arab nations.
A month after UAE and Bahrain consented to recognize Israel, Sudan likewise consented to normalize ties, after the U.S. vowed to take it off the list of countries as sponsors of terrorism. The Trump organization presented to $850 million to American casualties of terrorist assaults as a component of endeavors to secure the arrangement with Sudan to build up full diplomatic ties with Israel. The offer, as indicated by two sources acquainted with the exchanges, including $700 million for survivors of the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks and up to $150 million for many U.S. residents who were casualties of the 1998 twin bombings of the US embassies in Kenya and Tanzania.
With Morocco currently following in the strides of the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, and Sudan, the country has become fourth Arab state to have recognised Israel in this year alone. The Israel-Morocco deal will supposedly allow for non-stop trips between the two nations, as well as expanded tourism and business exchanges that will help both the pandemic-stricken economies. Normalization further lessens Israel’s diplomatic isolation and adds to its legitimacy, a long-standing goal of Israeli governments.
A day after Morocco announced it was set to sign a deal with Israel, the Trump administration told the Congress it was moving ahead with a $1bn weapons sale to the north-African nation.The deal includes four MQ-9B Sea Guardian drones made by privately-held General Atomics, and Hellfire, Paveway and JDAM precision-guided weapons made by Lockheed Martin, Raytheon and Boeing.
Arabs in the Queue
Oman praised the recently established relations between Morocco and Israel. The Omani Foreign Ministry said in a statement that it believes the agreement will “further endeavors to achieve a comprehensive, just and lasting peace in the Middle East,”
Oman has been for quite a while staying neutral in regional issues and has avoided open involvement in the Saudi-Qatar contest as well as the contention with Iran. Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu visited Oman in 2018, yet the two nations are yet to officially establish bilateral relations. The Omani government came out on the side of the UAE’s normalization with Israel in August. This provoked speculation that Oman would before long take action accordingly.
Saudi Arabia may also cave in to normalization of diplomatic relations with Israel prior to outgoing U.S. President Donald Trump’s departure from White House. A meeting between Crown Prince Mohammed Bin Salman and Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu of Israel had taken place three weeks ago that was leaked to the media by Israeli officials.
A Saudi-Israeli opening, if and when it comes, would indeed be historic. While the opening to Israel by the UAE and Bahrain and nominally, Sudan were meaningful and dramatic, Saudi Arabia has been the huge prize in ongoing Arab-Israeli rapprochement. The Saudi monarchy’s function as “Guardian of the Two Holy Mosques” in Mecca and Medina make the kingdom an undisputed heavyweight in the Muslim world. In today’s beleaguered Middle East, Saudi Arabia is perhaps the most politically and economically influential Arab state.
Resistance in the Muslim World
Pakistan has been at the centre of a Pro-Palestine and anti-Israel stance since the very first days of its inception. Pakistan, being the first ideological state in the modern world, which was followed by Israel a year later, persistently denied to recognise Israel. After Arab world’s rapprochement, speculations were raised regarding Pakistan that the Islamic Republic was preparing to recognise Israel and withdraw its long-standing stance to follow the suit. The speculations were immediately put to end by the Pakistani government multiple times. The prime minister Imran Khan flatly refused to consider recognising Israel before Palestine is satisfied on a UN sponsored two-state solution.
Pakistan’s ministry of Foreign Affairs went a step ahead in condemning speculations regarding normalisation with Israel. The Foreign Office stated that Pakistan was not even considering any move regarding recognising Israel and stood as a strong proponent of a Palestine state with Jerusalem as its capital and Al-Aqsa being released from the occupation of Israel. It is noteworthy to mention that Pakistani prime minister Khan, had agreed in an interview that his country was being pressurized by USA and other allies to recognize Israel. He refused to name the allies other than USA.
Iran is the second most important in the list of Muslim states refusing to recognise Israel. The two nations enjoyed great relations for a very long time in the past, yet since the Islamic Revolution of 1979, Israel and Iran have been an engaged in animosity – regardless of not sharing a border. In the wake of the previous twenty years of hostility among Iran and Israel, it very well might be difficult to envision that the nations ever had good relations and participation on numerous levels ever.
At the point when Ayatollah Khomeini got back from exile on February 1, 1979, and under three weeks after his arrival– on February 18 – he cut off relations with Israel. Making an already difficult situation even worse, Khomeini gave the cleared Israeli Embassy to the Palestine Liberation Organization. With the fall of the Soviet Union and the destruction of Saddam Hussein’s regime in the 1991 Gulf War, the primary danger to Iran turned into the United States – which Iran called the “Great Satan” – whose regional handmaiden was the “Little Satan” (Israel). Iran’s presence in Syria, its proxies there and its continuous endeavors to move modern weapons to Hezbollah keep on inspiring harsh reactions from official and unofficial sources of Israel. Adding insult to injury, Iran’s top nuclear scientist who was assassinated after Saudi-Israel meet up in Neom, made things worse between Iran and Israel as Iran openly declared Israel responsible for the murder.
Turkey has been a vital country among the resistance bloc in the Muslim world with regard to Israel. Its case is often a bit complicated as the country retains its ties with Israel but the ties were established not during Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s regime rather under a secular Kemalist regime. On the other hand, Turkey’s Erdogan is not only redefining Turkish nationalism by following Neo-Ottoman tendencies but is also instrumentalizing Islam within the statecraft. Since 2010, Turkey and Israel have fallen apart to an extent that Turkey has openly accused Israel of killing innocents in Palestine. In the meantime, Turkey has been using its relations with Israel to aid the helpless Gaza which no other Muslim country could reach during its blockade.
Turkey is in strong collaboration with Pakistan for the past decade. Not only is Turkey assisting Pakistan in its defence industry but is also openly supporting Pakistan’s cause in the United Nations. Not to mention that Turkey’s support to Pakistan has been persistently saving the Islamic Republic from falling into FATF blacklist as a result of an Indo-US diplomatic assault. Turkey’s anti-Israel tendencies are getting stronger and the public sentiment is turning against Israel too. After the reopening of Hagia Sophia, a church turned into Mosque by Ottoman ruler Fatih Sultan Mehmet, President Erdogan stated that a step towards resurrection of Al-Aqsa mosque under Israeli occupation had been taken by Turkey, implying that his country would only grow its resistance to Israel’s designs.
Where is It Going?
With Arab world withdrawing from its long practiced stance of not recognizing Israel until Palestine was satisfied with a two-state solution, Palestine is losing its hope in the Arab world. Whether Saudi Arabia will accept Israel in the coming weeks or months is unclear but it surely is already pretty much entangled with Israel due to shared animosity with Iran. However, the resistance to Israel being offered by the Non-Arab Muslim world led by Pakistan, Turkey and Iran is something which the Palestine will be grateful for. Turkey, Iran, Pakistan and other Muslim countries that share anti-Israel sentiments are aligning in what is being described as the reshaping of world order. As US is strongly supporting Israel, the Muslim bloc against Israel is bound to be tilted to China, as China is also pouring heavy investments and offering strategic partnerships which would allow these states to continue developing without surrendering their principled stance against Israeli occupation of Palestine.